In chemical industry, at home or at officess, fire safety is very curical and not to be taken lightly. Fire not only harm human life but it also cause damage to property and environement. Every years, many people lost there life in a fire accident. Hence it is important to have fire safety in the workplace.
Safety is everyone’s responsibility, hence employees, management, EHS department, production department, maintenance department and many more have to work at their level to manintain safe working environment.
The main objective of fire safety is to protect life first and then property from the fire. Today in this article, we are going to learn fire safety tips that should be implemented in industries and work to have proper fire safety. Prior to getting into the tutorial, lets us understand why workplace fire safety is required.
What is workplace fire safety?
Under OSHA, 1970, employers are responsible for providing fire fighting equipment and training to use them, the facility must have proper fire emergency exits, and fire prevention plan to prevent fire hazards in industry or workplace.
Fire safety awareness
The awareness is the most important the person working at the shop floor where all the production and maintenance activities are going on should be aware of the risk they are surrounded of. Employees must be aware of the fire fighting and what are the steps they need to take in case of fire. Apart from fire fighting steps, employees need to be aware of the fire hazards associated with their job.
For this purpose, safety tool box talk must be conducted by the safety office to make contract labor aware about the fire potential in the work they do. Job safety analysis must be perform and make the workers and employee aware
Fire Prevention Plan
According to OSHA fire prevention plan 1910.39(b) if an employer has 10 or less employees, the fire prevention plan to communicate orally or in writing, and for the employer, more than 10 employees must have a written fire prevention plan and to be available to every employee.
Fire prevention plan includes plan and methods to minimize the fire accident and fire frequency which reduce the frequency of evacuation.
Housekeeping procedures must be included in the plan which shall include storage of hazardous material, handling procedure, and many more. We had discussed what is fire and the stages of fire in detail which you should refer to learn 4 stages of fire along with the graph.
Procedure to prevent fire from heat producing activities or ignition source such as welding, cutting, grinding or smoking should be included in the plan. Cleaning and maintenance of equipment such as heat exchangers, oven, dryer, boiler burner etc should be included to avoid accumulation of flaaable chemical which can result in fire.
Fire Safety Equipment
Fire safety equipment or fire suppression system is effective way to improve fire safety in chemical industries. Fire suppression system includes automatic fire sprinklers system, Automatic Dry Powder Fire Extinguisher, Fire Alarm Systems, smoke control system and etc.
Installing automatic fire suppression is not the only task, proper maintenance and trial must be taken at a regular period of time should be performed.
We know how important the time is when the fire is at the initial stage as it can be controlled very easily. Quick and precise action is required to control the spreading of fire at the initial stage and for that purpose, a fire suppression system is used.
Proper fire fighting equipment
In case of fire, Fire fighting equipment are the tools that are needed to take control of fire. Fire fighting equipment includes portable and suitable fire Extinguishers, a fire-resistant protective apron, fire-resistant gloves, respirators.
Fire fighting equipment are the tools to prevent the spreading of fire. If correct tools are not used, it can lead to a major accident.
Fire Emergency Plan
According to OSHA, it’s the responsibility of an employer to create a Fire emergency plan. Fire at the workplace is always a non-desirable thing but in the case of fire, facility should be prepared for such a situation, and hence, a fire emergency plan are required.
Fire emergency plan should include
- Enough Fire emergency exit and routes
- Evacuation procedures
- Emergency doors that open easily.
- Emergency lighting where needed.
- Fire exit layout if possible them emergency map
- Assembly point
These are the points that are needed in the fire emergency plan but the most important thing in the fire emergency plan is training and awareness plan. Every employee working at the workplace must be aware of this and must be trained to avoid chaos at the time of emergency. All the employees should know the action required in the event of a fire and evacuate themself as quickly as possible.
Emergency response team
Emergency response team should be established in workplace. Fire man can’t reach to every place hence ERT member need to be appointed among the employees working in the plant those can take action immediately prior fire man reach the fire place.
Safety training to programs and mock drills
Workplace fire safety training is important to keep the persons upadated with the lastest safety equipment, and fire fight. Every year, fire hazards occured all over the world and after the accident, incident report is prepared. The case studies of fire accidents are the best tool to know the reason for fire accident and helps us to take learnings from others mistake.s
Electric safety is equally important as electrical failure is the root cause of fire in industries. Regular electrical maintenance and preventive maintenance of the equipment, motor, pumps need to be done to prevent fire in the equipment. Overload is a common cause of the electrical fire, hence an overloaded circuit breaker must be installed to prevent fire due to overload.
Inspection must be done to check fix Lights flickering, loose wire connection to prevent electric safety. Poper cleaning and housekeeping should be done to clean any deposition of flammable substance over the equipment.
Practice Good Housekeeping
The first thing that comes to mind when we listed “Housekeeping” is about clearing floors and surfaces. But in real terms, housekeeping is something more than that. Housekeeping means sorting and organizing things to their proper place. Storing hazardous and flammable chemicals at proper place should be the done properly and as per standard operation procedure.
This was the detailed fire safety tips workplace that can help in establishing fire safety in the workplace. Not only in the industry, but you can also apply some of the tips at your home or office. If you have any addition to the article Fire Safety In The workplace or in case you want us to cover any specific topic then feel free to the comment section. Now we are on Linkedin Chemical Tweak so do follow us over that.